This lecture will introduce the audience to the basic facts of Dutch involvement in slavery and the slave trade and dispel some of the myths that circulate in the public debate.
MON|24|04 “The spirit of insubordination rules”: Slavery, Abolition and Free People of Colour in the Dutch Bovenwindse Islands of St. Eustatius, Saba and St. Maarten
In 1848 slavery was unoficially abolished on the island of St. Maarten - 15 years before official emancipation in the Dutch territories. Such was the fear of rebellion in colonial officials and planters.
Slavery was present in Europe on a larger scale than previously assumed by scholars. In the seventeenth century tens of thousands of Muslims were held for ransom and forced labour in Italy, Malta, France and Spain. In Wallachia and Moldavia Gypsy slaves represented 7% of the population until slavery was officially abolished in mid-nineteenth century. This lecture will bring to light some little-known aspects of European slavery.
Two lectures on the Dutch colonial past. The first lecture explores how the free non-white population eroded the slavery system from within in early 19th-century Paramaribo. The second lecture focuses on slavery in the Indian Ocean, in particular in the regions of Sri Lanka and the Indonesian Archipelago.
The northern US, Canada and Mexico all formally abolished slavery between 1775 and 1860. These developments gave rise to waves of freedom-based migration, as droves of runaway slaves crossed into geographic spaces and places that constituted sites of freedom.